INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL TERHADAP KINERJA KEUANGAN PERUSAHAAN PUBLIK DI INDONESIA
Indra Suyoto Kurniawan
Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Mulawarman Samarinda
Jl. Tanah Grogot No.1 Kampus Unmul Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, 75119.
Korespondensi dengan Penulis:
Indra Suyoto Kurniawan: Telp. +62 541 738 916, 738 915
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the efficiency of the value added to the company’s resources in the main components (physical capital, human capital, structural capital) and researchers are trying to add the market value of the three dimensions of a company’s financial performance is ROA, ATO, and GR. The data is taken from the 44 public companies engaged in non financial sector for 3 years (2009-2011). This study is an empirical study using PLS as a data analysis tool. The findings of this study suggest that having an IC on the financial performance of the company, the IC also has a positive effect on the financial performance of companies in the future. While the rate of growth for the company IC (ROGIC) within 3 years of observation there is a difference, where to ROGIC2009–2010 does not affect the financial performance in 2010, ROGIC2010-2011 positive effect on the financial performance for the year 2011. The findings suggest that human capital (VAHU) and physical capital (VACA) is an indicator of a positive effect IC for two years of observation, while the capital structure (STVA) has a positive effect only in 2010 while the market value (MV) effect only in 2011. While the ROA and the ATO as an indicator of financial performance consistent effect for three years of observation. And for the year 2010 was significant for all indicators either IC or financial performance.
Key words: asset turn over, human capital, intellectual capital, physical capital, return on assets, structural capital